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Paul B Paulus

Name

[Paulus, Paul B]
  • Professor, Department of Psychology

Biography

Paul B. Paulus is the Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Texas at Arlington. For the past 25 years he has been investigating the factors that influence group creativity.  His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation for the past 11 years. He has published over 80 papers and chapters on that topic and the related issue of team innovation He has made numerous invited presentations to groups from the academic, business, engineering, and intelligence communities. In addition to his teaching and research career, he has served as Chair of the Department of Psychology and Dean of the College of Science. He has been a visiting professor at Bar Ilan University, the University of Groningen, the University of Sidney, the University of Pittsburgh, Carnegie Mellon University, and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. 

Professional Preparation

    • 1971 Ph.D. in PsychologyUniversity of Iowa
    • 1966 B.S. in PsychologyOtterbein College
    • 1970 M.S. in PsychologyUniversity of Iowa

Appointments

    • Jan 2004 to Jan 2009 Dean
      University of Texas at Arlington
    • Jan 1999 to Jan 2004 Chair
      University of Texas at Arlington
    • Jan 1998 to Jan 1999 Associate Dean
      University of Texas at Arlington

Awards and Honors

    • Apr  2010 Academy of Distinguished Scholars, University of Texas at Arlington, 2010 sponsored by UT Arlington Libraries
    • Jun  2009 Distinguished Alumnus Award, Otterbein College, 2009 sponsored by Otterbein College
    • Apr  2007 Distinguished Record of Research Achievement, University of Texas at Arlington, 2007 sponsored by University of Texas at Arlington
    • May  1997 Distinguished Alumnus, Department of Psychology, Otterbein College, 1997 sponsored by Otterbein College
    • Apr  1989 Outstanding Research Achievement Award, University of Texas, Arlington, 1989 sponsored by University of Texas at Arlington

News Articles

Research and Expertise

  • Group Processes Research Lab
    Much of our behavior takes place in groups. Groups are often involved in sharing ideas, making decisions, and performing tasks. In many organizations work groups are organized on the basis of teams. Many sports involve teamwork. We are interested in the various factors that influence the effectiveness of group and team functioning. We have been particularly interested in group creativity or the ability of groups to generate novel ideas. Much research has focused on the fact that groups often inhibit creativity. We have examined factors that contribute to low creativity in groups and ways to increase group creativity. We have developed a model of group creativity that delineates the various social and cognitive factors that influence group creativity. Interestingly, group members do not have a good sense of the effectiveness of groups. Most people have an illusion that their performance in groups is superior to what they could have done on their own, even when the group has performed poorly. Unfortunately, group performance tends to go in the direction of the least productive members. Inducing a sense of competition in the group can counteract this tendency. Also, during the sharing process, there may be a lot of cognitive interference. Exchanging ideas by means of computers or writing can be useful in overcoming some of these problems. However, deriving cognitive benefits from ideas exchanged in this fashion requires careful attention to the ideas exchanged and some time for processing them. Minor procedural changes that affect these processes can have strong effects on the idea generation performance. A recent emphasis has been on understanding the decision-making processes involved in selecting creative ideas and the potential of using computers to enhance group creativity. Although much of the research has been done on laboratory groups, we are also interested in examining group creativity in educational and organizational settings.

Publications

      Book Chapter In-press
      • Paulus, P. B., & Kenworthy, J. B. (in press). Overview of team creativity and innovation In R. Reiter-Palmon (Ed.). Team Creativity. Oxford University Press

        {Book Chapter }
      In-press
      • Paulus, P. B., van der Zee, K. I., & Kenworthy, J. B. (in press).  Cultural diversity and team creativity. In  V. P. Glăveanu (Ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of Creativity and Culture Research. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave

        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article Published
      • Paulus, P. B., Korde, R. M., Dickson, J. J., Carmeli, A., Cohen-Meitar, R. (2015)

        Asynchronous brainstorming in an industrial setting: Exploratory studies. Human

        Factors, 57 (6), 1076–1094 DOI: 10.1177/0018720815570374

        {Journal Article }

      Book Chapter 2016
      • Paulus, P. B., Dickson, J., Korde, R., Cohen-Meitar, R., & Carmeli, A. (2016). Getting the most out of brainstorming goups.  In A. Markman (Ed.), Open innovation. Oxford University Press.

        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2016
      • Baruah, J., & Paulus, P. B. (2016). The role of time and category relatedness in

        electronic brainstorming, Small Group Research, 47(3) 333–342.

        {Journal Article }

      Book Chapter 2015
      • Van Oudenhoven, J. P., van der Zee, K. I., & Paulus, P. B. (2015). Individuals at work in diverse environments: The role of personality.  In S. Otten, K. I. van der Zee & M. Brewer (Eds.) Towards inclusive organizations: Determinants of successful diversity management at work.  (pp. 151-165). New York: Psychology Press.

        {Book Chapter }
      2015
      • Paulus, P. B., & van der Zee, K. I. (2015). Creative processes in culturally diverse teams.  In S. Otten, K. I. van der Zee & M. Brewer (Eds.) Towards inclusive organizations: Determinants of successful diversity management at work. (pp. 108-131). New York:  Psychology Press.

        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2015
      • Paulus, P B. (2015).  Electronic brainstorming research and its implications for e-planning. International Journal of E-planning Research, 4(1), 42-53. DOI: 10.4018/ijepr.2015010103|

        {Journal Article }
      2015
      • Paulus, P. B., Korde, R. M., Dickson, J. J., Carmeli, A., Cohen-Meitar, R. (2015)

        Asynchronous brainstorming in an industrial setting: Exploratory studies. Human

        Factors, 57 (6), 1076–1094 DOI: 10.1177/0018720815570374

        {Journal Article }

      Journal Article 2014
      • Deuja, A., Kohn, N.W., Paulus, P. B., & Korde, R. (2014). Taking a broad perspective before brainstorming.  Group Dynamics; Theory, Research, and Practice, 18(3), 222–236.

        {Journal Article }
      2014
      • Carmeli, A., & Paulus, P. B. (2014). CEO ideational facilitation leadership and team exploratory behaviors: The mediating role of knowledge sharing.  The Journal of Creative Behavior, 49 (1),  53–75. DOI: 10.1002/jocb.59

        {Journal Article }

      Book Chapter 2013
      • Paulus, P. B., & Korde, R. (2013).  How to get the most creativity and innovation out of groups and teams.  In J. Chan and K. Thomas (Eds.).  Handbook of research on creativity.  Edward Elgar Publishing. (pp. 493-507). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.

        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2013
      • Paulus, P. B., Kohn, N. W., Arditti, L. & Korde, R. (2013).  Understanding the group size effect in electronic brainstorming.  Small Group Research, 44, 332-352.

        {Journal Article }

      Encyclopedia Entry 2012
      • Paulus, P. B., Kenworthy, J., & Coskun, H.Group dynamics.  In V. S. Ramachnandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, 2nd Edition. Elsevier.
        {Encyclopedia Entry }

      Book Chapter 2012
      • Dzindolet, M. T. & Glazer, C. Brainstorming in virtual teams. In Carlos Nunes Silva. (Eds.), Online research methods in urban and planning studies: Design and outcomes. (pp. 138-156).Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
        {Book Chapter }
      2012
      • Paulus, P. B. & Coskun, H. (2012) Group creativity. In J. Levine. (Eds.), Group processes.(pp. 215-239).Amsterdam: Elsevier.

        {Book Chapter }

      Encyclopedia Entry 2011
      • Parthasarthy, N., Doboli, S., & Paulus, P. B.  Entrepreneurship. In M. A. Runco & S. R. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, 2nd Edition, Vol. 1, pp. 461-467.  San Diego: Academic Press.
        {Encyclopedia Entry }
      2011
      • Paulus, P. B., Dzindolet, M., & Kohn, N. Teams. In M. Runco & S. Pritzker. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, 2nd Edition, Vol. 2., pp.446-452. San Diego: Academic Press. Elsevier.
        {Encyclopedia Entry }
      2011
      • Paulus, P. B. & Coskun, H. Group creativity. In M.A. Runco & S. R. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity, 2nd Edition, Vol. 1, pp. 575-580. San Diego: Academic Press.
        {Encyclopedia Entry }

      Journal Article 2011
      • Kohn, N. W., Paulus, P. B., & Choi, Y. (2011). Building on the ideas of others: An examination of the idea combination process. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 554-561.
        {Journal Article }
      2011
      • Paulus, P. B., Kohn, N. W., & Arditti, L. E. Effects of quantity and quality instructions on brainstorming. Journal of Creative Behavior. 45, 38-46.
        {Journal Article }
      2011
      • Nakui, T., Paulus, P. B., & Zee, K. I. The role of attitudes in reactions to diversity in workgroups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41, 2327-2351.
        {Journal Article }
      2011
      • Baruah, J. & Paulus, P. B. Category assignment and relatedness in the group ideation process. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 47, 1070-1077.
        {Journal Article }
      2011
      • Kohn, N. W., Paulus, P. B., & Korde, R. M. Conceptual combinations and subsequent creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 23, 203-210.
        {Journal Article }

      Book Chapter 2011
      • Paulus, P. B., Dzindolet, M., & Kohn, N. (2011). Collaborative creativity-Group creativity and team innovation. In M. Mumford. (Eds.), Handbook of organizational creativity (pp. 325-354). Elsevier.
        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2010
      • Paulus, P. B., Levine, D., Brown, V., Minai, A. A., & Doboli, S. (2010). Modeling ideational creativity in groups: connecting cognitive, neural and computational approaches. Small Group Research, 41, 688-724.
        {Journal Article }

      Book Chapter 2010
      • Paulus, P. B. & Baum, A. (2010). Crowding. In J. Levine and M. Hogg. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations (pp. 166-169). Sage.
        {Book Chapter }
      2010
      • Paulus, P. B. (2010). Brainstorming. In J. Levine and M. Hogg. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of group processes and intergroup relations (pp. 59-63). Sage.
        {Book Chapter }

      Conference Paper 2009
      • Iyer, L. R., Minai, A. A., Brown, V. R., Paulus, P. B., & Doboli, S. (2009, June). Effects of relevant and irrelevant primes on idea generation : A computational model. Paper presented at Presented at the 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Atlanta, GA.
        {Conference Paper }
      2009
      • Paulus, P. B., Baruah, J., Parthasarathy, N., & Nakui, T. (2009, April). Common ground and creativity in groups: The role cultural, expertise, and task focus diversity. Paper presented at Presented at a symposium on diversity and creativity, Groningen, The Netherlands.
        {Conference Paper }
      2009
      • Paulus, P. B., Brown, V., Minai, A., Doboli, S., & Levine, D. S. (2009, April). Group creativity and interdisciplinary teamwork. Paper presented at Presented at the 8th Annual Neuroscience Congress, Bolu, Turkey.
        {Conference Paper }
      2009
      • Paulus, P. B., Nakui, T., & Zee, K. I. (2009, May). Diversity attitudes, cultural diversity and creativity. Paper presented at Presented at the meetings of the European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
        {Conference Paper }

      Conference Proceeding 2009
      • Iyer, L. R., Minai, A. A., Brown, V. R., Paulus, P. B., & Doboli, S. (2009). Effects of relevant and irrelevant primes on idea generation : A computational model. In Proceedings of the 2009 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks. Atlanta, GA:.
        {Conference Proceeding }

      Book Chapter 2009
      • Baruah, J. & Paulus, P. B. (2009). Enhancing creativity in groups. In M. Neale, B. Mannix & J. Goncalo. (Eds.), Research on Managing Groups and Teams (pp. 29-56). Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science Press.
        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2009
      • Zee, K. P., Menno, V., & Parthasarathy, N. (2009). The impact of group composition and attitudes towards diversity on anticipated outcomes of diversity in groups. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 12, 257-280.
        {Journal Article }
      2009
      • Putman, V. L. & Paulus, P. B. (2009). Brainstorming, brainstorming rules and decision making. Journal of Creative Behavior, 43, 23-39.
        {Journal Article }
      2009
      • Iyer, L. R., Doboli, S., Minai, A. A., Brown, V. R., Levine, D. S., & Paulus, P. B. (2009). Neural dynamics of idea generation and priming. Neural Networks, 22, 674-686.
        {Journal Article }

      Conference Paper 2008
      • Paulus, P. B. (2008, February). The creative group mind-innovative genius or teamwork dummy?. Paper presented at Presented at the Mid-Cities Technical Club, Arlington.
        {Conference Paper }
      2008
      • Baruah, J. & Paulus, P. B. (2008, April). Category assignment and relevance in the group ideation process. Paper presented at Southwestern Psychological Association Meetings, Kansas City.
        {Conference Paper }
      2008
      • Baruah, J. & Paulus, P. B. (2008, April). Enhancing creativity in groups. Paper presented at Conference on managing groups and teams at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, Palo Alto, California.
        {Conference Paper }
      2008
      • Doboli, S., Paulus, P. B., Levine, D., & Minai, A. (2008, October). Dynamics of idea generation in individual and group brainstorming. Paper presented at Human and Social Dynamics 2008 Grantees Conference, Arlington, VA.
        {Conference Paper }
      2008
      • Minai, A. A., Doboli, S., Brown, V. R., Levine, D. S., & Paulus, P. B. (2008, November). A neuronal model of creativity. Paper presented at Society for Neuroscience, Washington, D. C.
        {Conference Paper }

      Journal Article 2008
      • Baruah, J. & Paulus, P. B. (2008). Effects of training on idea generation in groups. Small Group Research, 39, 523-541.
        {Journal Article }
      2008
      • Paulus, P. B. & Dzindolet, M. (2008). Social influence, creativity and innovation. Social Influence, 3, 228-247.
        {Journal Article }

      Book Chapter 2008
      • Zee, K. I. & Paulus, P. (2008). Balancing between innovativeness and comfort: What social psychology has to offer modern organizations. In L. Steg, B.P. Buunk, & J.A. Rothengatter. (Eds.), Applied Social Psychology: Understanding and Managing Social Problems (pp. 271-290). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
        {Book Chapter }

      Conference Paper 2007
      • Paulus, P. B. (2007, January). Effective techniques for generating ideas and thinking about risk. Paper presented at Conference on Intelligence Analysis, Chantilly, VA.
        {Conference Paper }
      2007
      • Paulus, P. B. (2007, September). The creative group mind-Genius or dummy?. Paper presented at Focus on Faculty Series, University of Texas at Arlington.
        {Conference Paper }

      Book Chapter 2007
      • Paulus, P. B. (2007). Fostering creativity in groups and teams. In J. Zhou and C. E. Shalley. (Eds.), The Handbook of Organizational Creativity (pp. 159-182). Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group.
        {Book Chapter }
      2007
      • Paulus, P. B. & Trindel, K. (2007). Group performance and productivity. In R. Baumeister and K. Vohs. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2007
      • Paulus, P. B. & Brown, V. R. (2007). Toward more creative and innovative group idea generation: A cognitive-social motivational perspective of brainstorming. Social and Personality Compass, 1.
        {Journal Article }

      Conference Paper 2006
      • Paulus, P. B. & Nakui, T. (2006, October). Diversity, attitudes toward diversity and group creativity. Paper presented at Presented at the meetings of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, Philadelphia.
        {Conference Paper }
      2006
      • Paulus, P. B., Nakui, T., & Baruah, J. (2006, May). Enhancing group creativity: Effects of training, diversity, and attitudes toward diversity. Paper presented at Presented at the NSF Innovation and Discovery Workshop: The scientific basis of individual and team innovation and discovery,.
        {Conference Paper }

      Technical Report 2006
      • Schunn, C. D., Paulus, P. B., Cagan, J., & Wood, K. (2006). Final Report from the NSF Innovation and Discovery Workshop: The Scientific Basis of Individual and Team Innovation and Discovery. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.
        {Technical Report }

      Journal Article 2006
      • Paulus, P. B., Nakui, T., Putman, V. L., & Brown, V. R. (2006). Effects of task instructions and brief breaks on brainstorming. Group Dynamics: Theory, research, and practice, 10, 206-219.
        {Journal Article }
      2006
      • Paulus, P. B. (2006). Putting the brain back into brainstorming. Associations Now: Ideas into Action.
        {Journal Article }

      Conference Paper 2005
      • Paulus, P. B. (2005, June). Group creativity and identity. Paper presented at Presented at a conference at a conference on social identity in organizations, Amsterdam.
        {Conference Paper }
      2005
      • Paulus, P. B. & Nakui, T. (2005, July). Attitude toward diversity and group creativity. Paper presented at Presented at the meetings of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology, Wurzburg, Germany.
        {Conference Paper }

      Book Chapter 2005
      • Hollingshead, A. B., Wittenbaum, G. M., Paulus, P. B., Hirokawa, R. Y., Ancona, D. G., Peterson, R. S., Jehn, K., & Yoon, K. (2005). Understanding theory and research on groups from the functional perspective. In M. S. Poole & A. B. Hollingshead. (Eds.), Theories of Small Groups: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (pp. 21-62). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
        {Book Chapter }
      2005
      • Paulus, P. B. & Nakui, T. (2005). Facilitation of group brainstorming. In S. Schuman. (Eds.), The IAF handbook of group facilitation (pp. 103-114). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
        {Book Chapter }
      2005
      • Paulus, P. B., Nakui, T., & Putman, V. L. (2005). Group brainstorming and teamwork: Some rules for the road to innovation. In L. Thompson and H. Choi. (Eds.), Creativity and innovation in organizational teams (pp. 69-86). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
        {Book Chapter }

      Journal Article 2005
      • Dugosh, K. L. & Paulus, P. B. (2005). Cognitive and social comparison processes in brainstorming. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 313-320.
        {Journal Article }

      Book 2001
      • Seta, C. E., Paulus, P. B., & Baron, R. A. (2001). Effective human relations: A guide to people at work. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
        {Book }

      Journal Article 2000
      • Dugosh, K., Paulus, P. B., Roland, E. J., & Yang, H. C. (2000). Cognitive stimulation in brainstorming. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 722-735.
        {Journal Article }
      2000
      • Coskun, H., Paulus, P. B., Brown, V., & Sherwood, J. J. (2000). Cognitive stimulation and problem presentation in idea generation groups. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4, 307-329.
        {Journal Article }

      Book 2000
      • Seta, C. E., Paulus, P. B., & Baron, R. A. (2000). Effective human relations: A guide to people at work. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
        {Book }

Support & Funding

This data is entered manually by the author of the profile and may duplicate data in the Sponsored Projects section.
    • Jan 2012 to Jan 2015 NSF Collaborative Grant: INSPIRE: The Hunting of the Spark: A Systematic Study of Natural Creativity in Human Networks sponsored by  - $999762
    • Jan 2009 to Jan 2012 NSF Major Collaborative Grant: CreativeIT: Understanding the Creative Design Process: A Novel Cognitive Model Based on Behavioral Experiments in Circuit Design and Architecture sponsored by  - $704000
    • Jan 2007 to Jan 2011 NSF Collaborative Grant: DHB; Dynamics of idea generation in individual and group brainstorming: a multi-disciplinary approach using network models and behavioral experiments sponsored by  - $680000
    • Jan 1999 to Jan 2000 Group creativity conference. sponsored by  - $16700

Courses

      • PSYC 6300-002 Creativity and innovation
        This course will cover various topics related to individual, collaborative, and organizational creativity and innovation.
        Fall - Regular Academic Session - 2012
      • PSYC 5323-001 GROUP PROCESSES
        No Description Provided.
        Spring - Regular Academic Session - 2011